Meeting Apuh Ambalang, a National Living Treasure

Weaving is an age-old tradition in the country that is passed down from generation to generation. However, many traditions suffer as the younger generations lose interest in its continuation.

This is one of the reasons the National Commission of Culture and the Arts has bestowed honors to the finest traditional artists who not only practice but also preserve the art.

Ambalang Ausalin photo via
Ambalang Ausalin photo via

One of these National Living Treasure or Gawad Manlilikha ng Bayan (GAMABA) awardees is Apuh Ambalang Ausalin of Lamitan City, Basilan.

Apuh Ambalang has kept the handweaving tradition of the Yakans called the tennun alive.

Apuh Ambalang Ausalin of Lamitan City
Apuh Ambalang Ausalin of Lamitan City

Tennun, which in Yakan means woven cloth, is one of the most popular Philippine weaves. It is known for its bold, geometric patterns. Like many other Philippine weaving styles, its patterns have cultural significance.

I visited Apuh Ambalang recently at the GAMABA Weaving Center located in Lamitan City. I was with a group of travel influencers invited by the Tourism Promotions Board and the Department of Tourism to tour Zamboanga Peninsula or Region 9.

Apuh Ambalang, a National Living Treasure
Apuh Ambalang, a National Living Treasure

The tour highlights 3H – Habi (weave), Halal (cuisine), and Hilom (wellness). It covered Basilan, Zamboanga City, and Zamboanga del Sur. While Lamitan City is no longer part of Region 9, as it already under the Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao, Lamitan City is in the itinerary because of Apuh Ambalang.

It was already my second time meeting her, but of course, the thrill was still there.

Apuh Ambalang was seated near the entrance, entertaining requests for photographs. Around her, several magtetenun or weavers, including children, were busy working on their looms.

Apuh Ambalang herself learned the craft at a young age from her mother, who was previously regarded as the best weaver in Basilan. She mastered the most intricate categories of the weave — the sinalu’an and the seputangan.

During my first visit, I was taken through the entire process. I saw how laborious it is to finish one weave and how difficult it was to master it. From the paghani, or the warping process, to the pagpeneh, or the making of the design, to the contemporáneo weaving, it takes weeks to months to finish one.

Yakan Weaving
Yakan Weaving

I am in awe of girls who pursue this craft. It requires tenacity, skill, passion, and dedication.

My first time visiting Basilan was in 2018. During that time, I was also able to meet and listen to Lamitan’s other GAMABA, Yakan folk musician Uwang Ahadas, perform. He granted a private performance to our small group of two. It was surreal.

Yes, Lamitan City is home to not just one but two GAMABAs. It is the only city or municipality in the country that has that distinction, which is proof of its very rich heritage and culture. Sadly, the reputation of being an unsafe city still precedes them, so not many get to experience its rich tradition firsthand.


Aside from the GAMABA weaving center, we also visited the Basilan School of Living Tradition in Isabela City, which also safeguards and showcases the talent and intricate work of Basilan’s Indigenous Groups, including the tennun.

We also visited the tennun weavers of the Yakan Village in Zamboanga City.

Yakan Weavers of Basilan
Yakan Weavers of Basilan

The Yakan Village was my first exposure to this textile style. The village is a collection of stalls that sells weaves and other souvenirs to tourists who visit Zamboanga City. The weavers there are also from Basilan and migrated to Zamboanga City. They are distant relatives of Apuh Ambalang. Guests of this village can also watch how a tennun is woven.

We also went to ZamSulu Crafts in Zamboanga City, which showcases pis siyabit, the weaving tradition of the Tausugs; Kumala Weavers in Kumalarang, Zamboanga del Sur, who has a century-old tradition of producing eye-catching mats; and the Subanen weavers of Lapuyan, Zamboanga del Sur, which trains differently-abled persons to weave.

Tennun on display at the Yakan Village in Zamboanga City
Tennun on display at the Yakan Village in Zamboanga City

Alberto Gadia, the TPB market specialist, said, “TPB includes indigenous weaving communities to help in the preservation of their intangible and tangible cultural heritage and at the same time help them in their livelihood.”

He added, “the pandemic has caused severe economic distress by shutting down all tourism activities which affects the income-earning opportunities of the developing community-based tourism sites and attractions.”

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